Rhinoscopy, or Fiberoptic Rhinolaryngoscopy, is the procedure for examining the nose and throat area for a patient. During the procedure, a doctor uses a rhinoscope to inspect the inside of the nose, eustachian tube openings, adenoids, throat and vocal cords. This tool is a flexible, small tube built with fiber optic material used for viewing about an inch inside the nasal cavity. It’s essentially a small camera with a light at the end of it for viewing the nose and throat.
A more detailed examination of the nasal and sinus cavities is called a Nasal Endoscopy. Nasal Endoscopy is a test to view the inside of the nose to check for problem areas. During the procedure, the doctor uses an endoscope. The endoscope is similar to the rhinoscope because it’s also a tiny camera with a light that projects onto a screen.
Can children be examined?
Yes, however, keep in mind no medical procedure is easy with a small child. It’s best to have your small child sit in your lap during the procedure for them to keep still and calm.
What happens before I get the procedure?
Before the procedure, your nose will be cleaned out and cleared with a nasal spray. Then an additional nasal spray is added that numbs the nose. When the rhinoscope or endoscope is inserted, you will feel it there but will not experience any pain.
How does the doctor perform a Rhinoscopy or Nasal Endoscopy?
- The doctor performing the Rhinoscopy or Nasal Endoscopy wears gloves and a headlight to be able to use both hands safely and effectively
- The doctor then inserts the rhinoscope or endoscope into your nasal cavity for further examination
- The doctor will ask you to do some breathing exercises such as deep breaths and talking
- The doctor may remove polyps, mucus or other masses found from the procedure
Will I feel discomfort?
It’s common to feel discomfort or pressure in the nasal passages but remember you will not be in pain due to the numbing nasal spray. Some also claim to feel no pain or discomfort while having the procedure.
Why might I need the procedure?
You might need a Rhinoscopy or Nasal Endoscopy if you are experiencing the following:
- Nasal blockage or congestion
- Nasal and sinus infection or in other words, rhinosinusitis
- Nasal polyps or tumors
- Lost your sense of smell
- Cerebrospinal fluid leak
Can I watch my procedure on the screen?
Yes, it is possible to watch your own procedure being performed on the screen if applicable.
How will I be impacted by a Rhinoscopy or Nasal Endoscopy?
- Rhinoscopy and Nasal Endoscopy will give your doctor what they need to know to make a proper diagnosis to your throat and nasal issue
- The local anesthetic, numbing spray wears off within 20 to 30 minutes and you can return to your normal day after the appointment
- You will be able to talk and breathe during the procedure
- Let your doctor know if you need to sneeze during the procedure
Will my eating, driving, work or sport be affected by Rhinoscopy or Nasal Endoscopy?
No. You can return to your normal daily activities after leaving the appointment.
How long does the procedure take?
The entire test takes about 5 to 10 minutes.
Are there any risks to a Rhinoscopy or Nasal Endoscopy?
There is very little risk with a Rhinoscopy or Nasal Endoscopy for most people. Small risks include if the patient has heart disease, bleeding disorders or take blood-thinning medicine. If you think you are at risk, consult with your doctor about your concerns.