The Basics of Pulmonary Disorders and What Causes Them

Pulmonary disorders are a group of illnesses that affect the lungs, causing difficulty in breathing and other symptoms that can range from mild to severe. Asthma is the most common type of pulmonary disorder, but many conditions, including more severe ones like lung cancer, fall under this umbrella term. This article will discuss the basics of pulmonary disorders and what causes them.

Not Curable, But Treatable

The first thing that needs to be understood about pulmonary disorders is that they cannot be cured. Instead, treatment focuses on relieving symptoms and managing the condition so it does not worsen. This may include medication such as inhalers or nebulizers, lifestyle changes (such as avoiding specific triggers), quitting smoking, or other therapies like oxygen therapy or chest physiotherapy.

Allergens & Other Factors

One of the most common causes of pulmonary disorders is an allergic reaction. Allergens like pollen, dust mites, animal dander, and mold spores can cause inflammation in the airways, which leads to the tightening of the muscles around them and difficulty breathing. Other factors such as air pollution exposures, genetics, infections (like colds or flu), environmental toxins (like smoking), occupational hazards, and medications can also contribute to developing a pulmonary disorder.


Asthma is one of the most commonly diagnosed types of pulmonary disorder and involves inflammation in the airways when exposed to specific triggers like allergens or air pollutants. Symptoms include wheezing, shortness of breath, coughing, chest tightness or pain, and fatigue; these can range from mild to severe depending on how much exposure has been experienced. Asthma can also cause complications like bronchitis or pneumonia if not adequately managed with medication or lifestyle changes.


Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is another type of pulmonary disorder characterized by increasing difficulty breathing due to narrowing airways caused by chronic lung inflammation. COPD is often caused by smoking cigarettes but may also be caused by genetics or long-term exposure to irritants such as occupational hazards or second-hand smoke.

Symptoms may include chronic coughing with sputum production as well as shortness of breath and fatigue; these too can range from mild to severe depending on how far along the illness has progressed at any given time.

Seek Medical Care and Advice

Understanding what causes pulmonary disorders and recognizing early signs and symptoms are essential to maintaining good lung health! While there is no cure for these illnesses–many treatments and lifestyle modifications available help manage symptoms and avoid complications. If you suspect or are suffering from a pulmonary issue, you must receive proper medical care and seek advice from a specialist immediately.

Pulmonary & Sleep of Tampa Bay

Every year, pulmonary or lung disorders affect some 62 million people and range from mild coughing brought on by the common cold to life-threatening illnesses such as lung cancer. The skilled team of pulmonary specialists at Pulmonary & Sleep of Tampa Bay can provide a swift and accurate diagnosis of and treatment for respiratory issues, helping relieve your symptoms and improving your quality of life.

Contact us today to learn more about achieving and maintaining good lung health.

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